Gestalt theory

An early twentieth-century development in psychology and an alternative to empiricist theories of perception and knowledge. A gestalt is a coherent whole with its own laws, seen as a construct of the perceiving mind and eye, not as given in reality. (Gestalt is a German word meaning pattern, form, or configuration.) Gestalt theory argues that the functioning of the various parts of a social entity is determined by the behaviour and nature of the whole, seeks to organize human and social phenomena in terms of larger units of analysis, and is therefore opposed to atomism (or analysis of ‘wholes’ in terms of their constituent and simpler parts). It is a background influence in much phenomenological sociology.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • GESTALT-THEORY — теория, разработанная Франкфуртской школой психологов в начале 20 го столетия, подчеркивавшая организацию и значение, которые накладываются на сенсорные данные в процессе восприятия (перцепции). Часто цитируется резюме Gestalt теории (Gestait… …   Большой толковый социологический словарь

  • gestalt theory — see gestaltism …   Medical dictionary

  • Gestalt — theory …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Gestalt therapy — is an existential and experiential psychotherapy that focuses on the individual s experience in the present moment, the therapist client relationship, the environmental and social contexts in which these things take place, and the self regulating …   Wikipedia

  • Gestalt psychology — (also Gestalt of the Berlin School) is a theory of mind and brain that proposes that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self organizing tendencies; or, that the whole is different than the sum of its… …   Wikipedia

  • Gestalt Theoretical Psychotherapy — is a method of psychotherapy based strictly on Gestalt psychology. It was developed by the German Gestalt psychologist and psychotherapist Hans Jürgen P. Walter and his colleagues in Germany and Austria.One of the most striking characteristics of …   Wikipedia

  • Gestalt Therapy —     Gestalt, meaning in this context wholeness of form, became a kind of therapy associated with the human potential movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Although the concept of wholeness of form and the persistence of the whole despite changes in it …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Gestalt psychology — (sometimes l.c.) the theory or doctrine that physiological or psychological phenomena do not occur through the summation of individual elements, as reflexes or sensations, but through gestalts functioning separately or interrelatedly. Also called …   Universalium

  • Gestalt — Die Gestalt is a German word for form or shape. It is used in English to refer to a concept of wholeness (see wiktionary). Gestalt may also refer to:* Gestalt psychology (or Gestalt theory), a theory of mind and brain, describing the Gestalt… …   Wikipedia

  • Gestalt psychology — noun (psychology) a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties • Syn: ↑configurationism • Topics: ↑psychology, ↑psychological science, ↑holism, ↑holistic theory …   Useful english dictionary

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